The Saudi Petrochemical Company

In 1976, the Saudi Basic Industries Corporation (SABIC) was created by the Saudi government. It is charged with constructing the Kingdom’s primary industrial base that will utilise the country’s abundant natural oil and gas resources. SABIC later entered into a negotiation with qualified international oil and gas companies, one of which was Pecten Arabian Company, an affiliate of the Shell Oil Company.

Sadaf was founded on 27th June 1980 as a Joint Venture between Saudi Basic Industries Corporation and Pecten Arabian Company Ltd., a subsidiary of Shell Oil Company (US).Shell’s 50% share is presently held by Shell Chemicals Arabia, LLC an affiliate of Royal Dutch Shell.

In October 1984, two months ahead of schedule, Sadaf, which is by now the largest petrochemical complex in the Middle East, produced Saudi Arabia’s very first ethylene. The Sadaf complex, which is covering a 460-acre site in the Industrial City of Jubail, contains six-world scale petrochemical plants with a total average output of more than 4 million metric tons per year of various chemicals.

For feedstock, Sadaf utilises ethane, benzene, methane, butane, and salt brine. After further processing, these products reach consumers as end-use items such as auto parts, home appliances parts, detergents, tires and other rubber-based products as well as personal care products among others.


  • Ethylene Plant
  • Styrene 1 & 2 Plants
  • Crude Industrial Ethanol (CIE)
  • Salt Plant
  • Di Ethyl Chloride / Caustic Plant
  • Methyl Tertiary Butyl Ether Plant
  • Co-generation Plant

More about our businesses in Saudi Arabia

Who we are

Learn about our business and people, and how we grew from a small shop in London nearly 200 years ago.